AQ 1.0: MuqaddimahTafsir Ahkamul Quran-2

October 23, 2008 at 3:14 am | Posted in AL-QURAN | 1 Comment

Pra-syarat bagi yang ingin mengikuti kuliah Tafsir ahkam cyber ialah membaca kitab Syaikh Muhd bin Saleh bin Uthaimiin, terjemahan Jahabersa oleh ust Fadhlan Uthman, ditahqiq oleh Kapten UHF berjodol ” Pengenalan kepada ilmu asas dalam usyul Tafsir, cetakan pertama 2005. Harga RM 9.00 sahaja.

1. Nama surah: al-Fatihah

Surah ini mempunyai nama yang banyak. Imam al-Qurthubi menghitungnya 12 nama semuanya, manakala al-Alusi (w. 1270H) menghitung 22 nama. Keluar dari khilaf: kita cuma perlu tahu nama-nama yang masyhur sahaja, antaranya:

a. al-Fatihah (pembuka kata), kata ustaz sayyid Rashid Ridha (tafsir al-Fatihah/tafsir al-Manar), inilah namanya yang paling terkenal. Kata Syaikh Muhammad bin Saleh al-Uthaimiin (tafsir Ibn Uthaimin/Juzz ‘Amma), dinamakan al-fatihah kerana al-Qur:an dibuka dengan surah ini. Ia juga mendahului al-Qur:an kerana ia adalah surah pertama yang diturunkan secara lengkap sekaligus (Tafsir uthaimin, KSA dan tafsir al-Manar dari kata2 Imam Muhammad Abduh)

b. Ummul Qur:an/Ummul Kitab (induk AQ). Tafsir syaikh Uthaimin, dinamakan ummul kitab kerana sesuatu yang dijadikan rujukan dinamakan ummu (induk), ia mengandungi makna global AQ: tauhid, ahkam, dosa-pahala dan jalan hidup manusia. Kata al-Hasan (Basri), sesiapa yang memahami tafsir surah ini telah memahami seluruh tafsir AQ (al-Baihaqi, syu’bu al-Iman (2/87, Dar alKutub al-Misriyah).

c. as-Sab’ul Matsaani (tujuh ayat yang dibaca berulang kali(dalam solat)

Dalil hadith:
وهي السبع المثاني والقرآن العظيم ، أم القرآن ، وهي فاتحة الكتاب
Dari Abu Hurayra ra,” sabda (saw)” dialah (al-Fatihah) tujuh yg berulang, Qur:an yang agung, ummul Qur:an dan Pembuka al-kitab. [sahih, al-Baihaqi, sunan alkubra, 2/45)
هي أم القرآن ، وهي فاتحة الكتاب ، وهي السبع المثاني
terjemah:”dialah ummul Qur:an, pembuka Kitab, dan Tujuh yang berulang”
Tafsir Tabari dari Abu Hurayrah ra.
{ الحمد لله رب العالمين } أم القرآن وأم الكتاب والسبع المثاني
terjemah, dari Abu hurayrah ra: (sabda saw) ” (al-Fatihah) dialah ummul Qur:an, ummul kitab dan tujuh yang berulang.” [HR Bukhari, Abu Daud, Termidzi, Ahmad, al-Albani, sahih Abu Daud, 1457)
Inilah antara nama surah ini yang paling masyhur dan memadai kita tahu.

bersambung..

sumber: http://www.al-fikrah.net/Forums/viewtopic/p=4039.html#4039

The Amazing Qur’an

August 28, 2008 at 3:55 pm | Posted in AL-QURAN | Leave a comment

Gary Miller

Calling the Qur’an amazing is not something done only by Muslims, who have an appreciation for the book and who are pleased with it; it has been labeled amazing by non-Muslims as well. In fact, even people who hate Islam very much have still called it amazing.

One thing which surprises non-muslims who are examining the book very closely is that the Qur’an does not appear to them to be what they expected. What they assume is that they have an old book which came fourteen centuries ago from the Arabian desert; and they expect that the book should look something like that – an old book from the desert. And then they find out that it does not resemble what they expected at all. Additionally, one of the first things that some people assume is that because it is an old book which comes from the desert, it should talk about the desert. Well the Qur’an does talk about the desert – some of its imagery describes the desert; but it also talks about the sea – what it’s like to be in a storm on the sea.

Some years ago, the story came to us in Toronto about a man who was in the merchant marine and made his living on the sea. A Muslim gave him a translation of the Qur’an to read. The merchant marine knew nothing about the history of Islam but was interešted in reading the Qur’an. When he finished reading it, he brought it back to the Muslim and asked, “This Muhammed, was he a sailor?” He was impressed at how accurately the Qur’an describes a storm on a sea. When he was told,

“No as a matter of fact, Muhammed lived in the desert,” that was enough for him. He embraced Islam on the spot. He was so impressed with the Qur’an’s description because he had been in a storm on the sea, and he knew that whoever had written that description had also been in a storm on the sea. The description of “a wave, over it a wave, over it clouds”1 was not what someone imagining a storm on a sea to be like would have written; rather, it was written by someone who knew what a storm on the sea was like. This is one example of how the Qur’an is not tied to a certain place and time. Certainly, the scientific ideas expressed in it also do not seem to originate from the desert fourteen centuries ago.

Many centuries before the onset of Muhammed’s Prophethood, there was a well-known theory of atomism advanced by the Greek philosopher, Democritus. He and the people who came after him assumed that matter consists of tiny, indestructible, indivisible particles called atoms. The Arabs too, used to deal in the same concept; in fact, the Arabic word dharrah ( ) commonly referred to the smallest particle known to man. Now, modern science has discovered that this smallest unit of matter (i.e., the atom, which has all of the same properties as its element) can be split into its component parts. This is a new idea, a development of the last century; yet, interestingly enough, this information had already been documented in the Qur’an which states:

He Ei.e., Allah is aware of an atom’s weight in the heavens and on the earth and even anything smaller than that…”2

Undoubtedly, fourteen centuries ago that statement would have looked unusual, even to an Arab. For him, the dharrah was the smallest thing there was. Indeed, this is proof, that the Qur’an is not outdated.

Another example of what one might expect to find in an “old book” that touches upon the subject of health or medicine is outdated remedies or cures. Various historical sources state that the Prophet ~ gave some advice about health and hygiene, yet most of these pieces of advice are not contained in the Qur’an. At first glance, to the non-Muslims this appears to be a negligent omission. They cannot understand why Allah would not “include” such helpful information in the Qur’an. Some Muslims attempt to explain this absence with the following argument: “Although the Prophet’s advice was sound and applicable to the time in which he lived, Allah, in His infinite wisdom, knew that there would come later medical and scientific advances which would make the Prophet’s advice appear outdated. When later discoveries occurred, people might say that such information contradicted that which the Prophet had given. Thus, since Allah would never allow any opportunity for the non-Muslims to claim that the Qur’an contradicts itself or the teachings of the Prophet. He only included in the Qur’an information and examples which could stand the test of time.” However, when one examines the true realities of the Qur’an in terms of its existence as a divine revelation, the entire matter is quickly brought into its proper perspective, and the error in such argumentation becomes clear and understandable. It must be understood that the Qur’an is a divine revelation, and as such, all information in it is of divine origin. Allah revealed the Qur’an from Himself. It is the words of Allah, which existed before creation, and thus nothing can be added, subtracted or altered. In essence, the Qur’an existed and was complete before the creation of Prophet Muhammed so it could not possibly contain any of the Prophet’s own words or advice. An inclusion of such information would clearly contradict the purpose for which the Qur’an exists, compromise its authority and render it inauthentic as a divine revelation.

Consequently, there was no “home remedies” in the Qur’an which one could claim to be outdated; nor does it contain any man’s view about what is beneficial to health, what food is best to eat, or what will cure this or that disease. In fact, the Qur’an only mentions one item dealing with medical treatment, and it is not in dispute by anyone. It states that in honey there is healing. And certainly, 1 do not think that there is anyone who will argue with that!

If one assumes that the Qur’an is the product of a man’s mind, then one would expect it to reflect some of what was going on in the mind of the man who “composed” it. In fact, certain encyclopedias and various books claim that the Qur’an was the product of hallucinations that Muhammed underwent. If these claims are true – if it indeed originated from some psychological problems in Muhammed’s mind – then evidence of this would be apparent in the Qur’an. Is there such evidence? In order to determine whether or not there is, one must first identify what things would have been going on in his mind at that time and then search for these thoughts and reflections in the Qur’an.

It is common knowledge that Muhammad had a very difficult life. All of his daughters died before him except one, and he had a wife of several years who was dear and important to him, who not only proceeded him in death at a very critical period of his life. As a matter of fact, she must have been quite a woman because when the first revelation came to him, he ran home to her afraid. Certainly, even today one would have a hard time trying to find an Arab who would tell you, “I was so afraid that I ran home to my wife.” They just aren’t that way. Yet Muhammed felt comfortable enough with his wife to be able to do that. That’s how influential and strong woman she was. Although these examples are only a few of the subjects that would have been on Muhammed’s mind, they are sufficient in intensity to prove my point. The Qur’an does not mention any of these things- not the death of his children, not the death of his beloved companion and wife, not his fear of the initial revelations, which he so beautifully shared with his wife – nothing; yet, these topics must have hurt him, bothered him, and caused him pain and grief during periods of his psychological reflections, then these subjects, as well as others, would be prevalent or at least mentioned throughout.

A truly scientific approach to the Qur’an is possible because the Qur’an offers something that is not offered by other religious scriptures, in particular, and other religions, in general. It is what scientists demand. Today there are many people who have ideas and theories about how the universe works. These people are all over the place, but the scientific community does not even bother to listen to them. This is because within the last century the scientific community has demanded a test of falsification. They say, “If you have theory, do not bother us with it unless you bring with that theory a way for us to prove whether you are wrong or not.”

Such a test was exactly why the scientific community listened to Einstein towards the beginning of the century. He came with a new theory and said, “1 believe the universe works like this; and here are three ways to prove whether 1 ám wrong!”. So the scientific community subjected his theory to the tests, and within six years it passed all three. Of course, this does not prove that he was great, but it proves that he deserved to be listened to because he said, “This is my idea; and if you want to try to prove me wrong, do this or try that.”

This is exactly what the Qur’an has – falsification tests. Some are old (in that they have already been proven true), and some still exist today. Basically it states, “If this book is not what it claims to be, then all you have to do is this or this or this to prove that it is false.” Of course, in 1400 years no one has been able to do “This or this or this, ” and thus it is still considered true and authentic.

I suggest to you that the next time you get into dispute with someone about Islam and he claims that he has the truth and that you are in darkness, you leave all other arguments at first and make this suggestion. Ask him, “Is there any falsification test in your religion? Is there anything in your religion that would prove you are wrong if I could prove to you that it exists-anything?” Well, I can promise right now that people will not have anything – no test, no proof, nothing!

This is because they do not carry around the idea that they should not only present what they believe but should also offer others a chance to prove they’re wrong. However, Islam does that. A perfect example of how Islam provides man with a chance to verify it authenticity and “prove it wrong” occurs in the 4th chapter. And quiet honestly, I was surprised when I first discovered this challenge. It states:

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”3

This is a clear challenge to the non-Muslim. Basically, it invites him to find a mistake. As a matter of fact, the seriousness and difficulty of the challenge aside, the actual presentation of such a challenge in the first place is not even in human nature and is inconsistent with man’s personality. One doesn’t take an exam in school after finishing the exam, write a note to the instructor at the end saying, “This exam is perfect. There are no mistakes in it. Find one if you can!”. One just doesn’t do that. The teacher would not sleep until he found a mistake! And yet this is the way the Qur’an approaches people.

Another interesting attitude that exists in the Qur’an repeatedly deals with its advice to the reader. The Qur’an informs that reader about different facts and then gives the advice: “If you want to know more about this or that, or if you doubt what is said, then you should ask those who have knowledge.” This too is a surprising attitude. It is not usual to have a book that comes from someone without training in geography, botany, biology, etc., who discusses these subjects and then advises the reader to ask men of knowledge if he doubts anything. Yet in every age there have been Muslims who have followed the advice of the Qur’an and made surprising discoveries. If one looks to the works of Muslim scientists in many centuries ago, one will find them full of quotations from the Qur’an. These works state that they did research in such a place, looking for something. And they affirm that the reason they looked in such and such a place was that the Qur’an pointed them in that direction. For example, the Qur’an mentions man’s origin and then tells the reader, “Research it!” It gives the reader a hint where to look and then states that one should find out more about it. This is the kind of thing that Muslims today largely seem to overlook – but not always, as illustrated in the following example. A few years ago, a group of men in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia collected all if the verses in the Qur’an which discuss embryology – the growth of the human being in the womb. They said, “Here is what the Qur’an says. Is it the truth?” In essence, they took the advice of the Qur’an: “Ask the men who know.” They chose, as it happened, a non-Muslim who is a professor of embryology at the University of Toronto. His name is Keith Moore, and he is the author of textbooks on embryology – a world expert on the subject. They invited him to Riyadh and said, “This is what the Qur’an says about your subject. Is it true? What can you tell us?”

While he was in Riyadh, they gave him all of the help that he needed in translation and all of the cooperation for which he asked. And he was so surprised at what he found that he changed his textbooks. In fact, in the second edition of one of his books, called Before we are born… in the second edition about the history of embryology, he included some material that was not in the first edition because of what he found in the Qur’an. Truly this illustrates that the Qur’an was ahead of its time and that those who believe in the Qur’an know what other people do not know.

1 had the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Keith Moore for a television presentation, and we talked a great deal about this – it was illustrated by slides and so on. He mentioned that some of the things that the Qur’an states about the growth of the human being were not known until thirty years ago. In fact, he said that one item in particular – the Qur’an’s description of the human being as a “leech-like clot”4 (‘alaqah) at one stage – was new to him; but when he checked on it, he found that it was true, and so he added it to his book. He said, “1 never thought of that before,” and he went to the zoology department and asked for a picture of a leech. When he found that it Iooked just like the human embryo, he decided to include both pictures in one of his textbooks.

Dr. Moore also wrote a book on clinical embryology, and when he presented this information in Toronto, it caused quite a stir throughout Canada. It was on the front pages of some of the newspapers across Canada, and some of the headlines were quite funny. For instance, one headline read: “SURPRISING THING FOUND IN ANCIENT BOOK!” It seems obvious from this example that people do not clearly understand what it is all about. As a matter of fact, one newspaper reporter asked Professor Moore, “Don’t you think That maybe the Arabs might have known about these things – the description of the embryo, its appearance and how it changes and grows? Maybe there were not scientists, but maybe they did something crude dissections on their own – carved up people and examined these things.” The professor immediately pointed out to him that he [i.e., the reporter] had missed a very important point -all of the slides of the embryo that had been shown and had been projected in the film had come from pictures taken through a microscope. He said, “It does not matter if someone had tried to discover embryology fourteen centuries ago, they could not have seen it!”.

All of the descriptions in the Qur’an of the appearance of the embryo are of the item when it is still too mall to see with the eye; therefore, one needs a microscope to see it. Since such a device had only been around for little more than two hundred years, Dr. Moore taunted, “Maybe fourteen centuries ago someone secretly had a microscope and did this research, making no mistakes anywhere. Then he somehow taught Muhammad and convinced him to put this information in his book. Then he destroyed his equipment and kept it a secret forever. Do you believe that? You really should not unless you bring some proof because it is such a ridiculous theory.” In fact, when he was asked Undoubtedly, there is an attitude in the Qur’an which is not found anywhere else. It is interesting how when the Qur’an provides information, it often tells the reader, “You did not know this before.” Indeed, there is no scripture that exists which makes that claim. All of the other ancient writings and scriptures that people have, do give a lot of information, but they always state where the information came from. For example, when the Bible discusses ancient history, it states that this king lived here, this one fought in a certain battle, another one had so many sons, etc. Yet it always stipulates that if you want more information, then you should read the book of so and so because that is where the information came from. In contrast to this concept, the Qur’an provides the reader with information and states that this information is something new. Of course, there always exists the advice to research the information provided and verify its authenticity. It is interesting that such a concept was never challenged by non-Muslims fourteen centuries ago. Indeed, the Makkans who hated the Muslims, and time and time again they heard such revelations claiming to bring new information; yet, they never spoke up and said, “This is not new. We know where Muhammad got this information. We learned this at school.” They could never challenge its authenticity because it really was new!

In concurrence with the advice given in the Qur’an to research information (even if it is new), when ‘Umar was caliph, he chose a group of men and sent them to find the wall of Dhul-Qarnayn. Before the Qur’anic revelation, the Arabs had never heard of such a wall, but because the Qur’an described it, they were able to discover it. As a matter of fact, it is now located in what is called Durbend in the Soviet Union.

It must be stressed here that the Qur’an is accurate about many, many things, but accuracy does not necessarily mean that a book is a divine revelation. In fact, accuracy is only one of the criteria for divine revelations. For instance, the telephone book is accurate, but that does not mean that it is divinely revealed. The real problem lies in that one must establish some proof of the source the Qur’an’s information. The emphasis is on the reader. One cannot simply deny the Qur’an’s authenticity without sufficient proof. If, indeed, one finds a mistake, then he has the right to disqualify it. This is exactly what th~ Qur’an encourages. Once a man came up to me after a lecture 1 delivered in South Africa. He was very angry about what 1 had said, and 50 he claimed, “1 am going to go home tonight and find a mistake in the Qur’an.” Of course, 1 said, “Congratulations. That is the most intelligent thing that you have said.” Certainly, this is the approach Muslims need to take with those who doubt the Qur’an’s authenticity, because the Qur’an itself offers the same challenge. An inevitably, after accepting it’s challenge and discovering that it is true, these people will come to believe it because they could not disqualify it. In essence, the Qur’an earns their respect because they themselves have had to verify its authenticity.

An essential fact that cannot be reiterated enough concerning the authenticity of the Qur’an is that one’s inability to explain a phenomenon himself does not require his acceptance of the phenomenon’s existence or another person’s explanation of it. Specifically, just because one cannot explain something does not mean that one has to accept someone else’s explanation. However, the person’s refusal of other explanations reverts the burden of proof back on himself to find a feasible answer. This general theory applies to numerous concepts in life, but fits most wonderfully with the Qur’anic challenge, for it creates a difficulty for one who says, “I do not believe it.” At the onset of refusal one immediately has an obligation to find an explanation himself if he feels others’ answers are inadequate. In fact, in one particular Qur’anic verse which I have always seen mistranslated into English, Allah mentions a man who heard the truth explained to him. It states that he was derelict in his duty because after he heard the information, he left without checking the verity of what he had heard. In other words, one is guilty if he hears something and does not research it and check to see whether it is true. One is supposed to process all information and decide what is garbage to be thrown out and what is worthwhile information to be kept and benefited from at a later date. One cannot just let it rattle around in his head. It must be put in the proper categories and approached from that point of view. For example, if the information is still speculatory, then one must discern whether it’s closer to being true or false. But if all of the facts have been presented, then one must decide absolutely between these two options. And even if one is not positive about the authenticity of the information, he is still required to process all of the information and make the admission that he just does not know for sure. Although this last point appears to be futile, in actuality, it is beneficial to the arrival at a positive conclusion at a later time in that it forces the person to at least recognize, research and review the facts. This familiarity with the information will give the person “the edge” when future discoveries are made and additional information is presented. The important thing is that one deals with the facts and does not simply discard them out of empathy and disinterest.

The real certainty about the truthfulness of the Qur’an is evident in the confidence which is prevalent throughout it; and this confidence comes from a different approach – “Exhausting the Alternatives.” In essence, the Qur’an states, “This book is a divine revelation; if you do not believe that, then what is it?” In other words, the reader is challenged to come up with some other explanation. Here is a book made of paper and ink. Where did it come from? It says it is a divine revelation; if it is not, then what is its source? The interesting fact is that no one has with an explanation that works. In fact, all alternatives have bee exhausted. As has been well established by non-Muslims, these alternatives basically are reduces to two mutually exclusive schools of thought, insisting on one or the other. On one hand, there exists a large group of people who have researched the Qur’an for hundreds of years and who claim, “One thing we know for sure – that man, Muhammad, thought he was a prophet. He was crazy!” They are convinced that Muhammad was fooled somehow. Then on the other hand, there is another group which alleges, “Because of this evidence, one thing we know for sure is that that man, Muhammad, was a liar!” Ironically, these two groups never seem to get together without contradicting. In fact, many references on Islam usually claim both theories. They start out by saying that Muhammad was crazy and then end by saying that he was a liar. They never seem to realize that he could not have been both! For example, if one is deluded and really thinks that he is a prophet, then he does not sit up late at night planning, “How will I fool the people tomorrow so that they think I am a prophet?” He truly believes that he is a prophet, and he trusts that the answer will be given to him by revelation.

As a matter of fact, a great deal of the Qur’an came in answer to questions. Someone would ask Muhammad a question, and the revelation would come with the answer to it. Certainly, if one is crazy and believes that an angel put words in his ear, then when someone asks him a question, he thinks that the angel will give him the answer. Because he is crazy, he really thinks that. He does not tell someone to wait a short while and then run to his friends and ask them, “Does anyone know the answer?” This type of behavior is characteristic of one who does not believe that he is a prophet. What the non-Muslims refuse to accept is that you cannot have it both ways. One can be deluded, or he can be a liar. He can be either one or neither, but he certainly cannot be both! The emphasis is on the fact that they are unquestionably mutually exclusive personal traits.

The following scenario is a good example of the kind of circle that non-Muslims go around in constantly. If you ask one of them, “What is the origin of the Qur’an?” He tells you that it originated from the mind of a man who was crazy. Then you ask him, “If it came from his head, then where did he get the information contained in it? Certainly the Qur’an mentions many things with which the Arabs were not familiar.” So in order to explain the fact which you bring him, he changes his position and says, “Well, maybe he was not crazy. Maybe some foreigner brought him the information. So he lied and told people that he was a prophet.” At this point then you have to ask him, “If Muhammad was a liar, then where did he get his confidence? Why did he behave as though he really thought he was a prophet?” Finaily backed into a corner, like a cat he quickly lashes out with the first response that comes to his mind. Forgetting that he has already exhausted that possibility, he claims, “Well, maybe he wasn’t a liar. He was probably crazy and really thought that he was a prophet. “And thus he begins the futile circle again.

As has already been mentioned, there is much information contained in the Qur’an whose source cannot be attributed to anyone other than Allah. For example, who told Muhammad about the wall of DhuI-Qarnayn – a place hundreds of miles to the north? Who told him about embryology? When people assemble facts such as these, if they are not willing to attribute their existence to a divine source, they automatically resort to the assumption someone brought Muhammad the information and that he used it to fool the people. However, this theory can easily be disproved with one simple question: “If Muhammad was a liar, where did he get his confidence? Why did he tell some people out right to their face what others could never say?” Such confidence depends completely upon being convinced that one has a true divine revelation. For example, the Prophet had an uncle by the name of Abu Lahab. This man hated Islam to such an extent that he used to follow the Prophet around in order to discredit him. If Abu Lahab saw the Prophet speaking to a stranger, he would wait until they parted and then would go to the stranger and ask him, “What did he tell you? Did he say, ‘Black.’? Well, it’s white. Did he say, ‘Morning.’? Well, it’s night.” He faithfully said the exact opposite of whatever he heard Muhammad and the Muslims say. However, about ten years before Abu Lahab died, a little chapter in the Qur’an5 was revealed to him. It distinctly stated that he would go to the Fire (i.e.,Hell). In other words, it affirmed that he would never become a Muslim and would therefore be condemned forever. For ten years all Abu Lahab had to do was say, “1 heard that it has been revealed to Muhammad that 1 will never change – that 1 will never become a Muslim and will enter the Hellfire. Well 1 want to become a Muslim now. How do you like that? What do you think of your divine revelation now?” But he never did that. And yet, that is exactly the kind of behavior one would have expected from him since he always sought to contradict Islam. In essence, Muhammad said, “You hate me and you want to finish me? Here, say these words, and 1 am finished. Come on, say them!” But Abu Lahab never said them. Ten years! And in all that time he never accepted Islam or even became sympathetic to the Islamic cause. How could Muhammad possibly have known for sure that Abu Lahab would fulfill the Qur’anic revelation if he (i.e., Muhammad) was not truly the messenger of Allah? How could he possibly have been so confident as to give someone 10 years to discredit his claim of Prophethood? The only answer is that he was Allah’s messenger; for in order to put forth suck a risky challenge, one has to be entirely convinced that he has a divine revelation.

Another example of the confidence which Muhammad had in his own Prophethood and consequently in the divine protection of himself and his message is when he left Makkah and hid in a cave with Abu Bakr during their emigration to Madeenah. The two clearly saw people coming to kill them, and Abu Bakr was afraid. Certainly, if Muhammad was a liar, a forger and one who was trying to fool the people into believing that he was a prophet, one would have expected him to say in such a circumstance to his friend, “Hey, Abu Bakr, see if you can find a back way out of this cave.” Or “Squat down in that corner over there and keep quiet.” Yet, in fact, what he said to Abu Bakr clearly illustrated his confidence. He told him, “Relax! Allah is with us, and Allah will save us!” Now, if one knows that he is fooling the people, where does one get this kind of attitude? In fact, such a frame of mind is not characteristic of a liar or a forger at all.

So, as has been previously mentioned, the non-Muslims go around and around in a circle, searching for a way out – some way to explain the findings in the Qur’an without attributing them to their proper source. On one hand, they tell you on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, “The man was a liar,” and on the other hand, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday they tell you, “He was crazy.” What they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they need both excuses to explain the information in the Qur’an.

About seven years ago, I had a minister over to my home. In the particular room which we were sitting there was a Qur’an on the table, face down, and so the minister was not aware of which book it was. In the midst of a discussion, I pointed to the Qur’an and said, “I have confidence in that book.” Looking at the Qur’an but not knowing which book it was, he replied, “Well, 1 tell you, if that book is not the Bible, it was written by a man!” In response to his statement, 1 said, “Let me tell you something about what is in that book.” And in just three to four minutes 1 related to him a few things contained in the Qur’an. After just those three or four minutes, he completely changed his position and declared, “You are right. A man did not write that book. The Devil wrote it!” Indeed, possessing such an attitude is very unfortunate – for many reasons. For one thing, it is a very quick and cheap excuse. It is an instant exit out of an uncomfortable situation. As a matter of fact, there is a famous story in the Bible that mentions how one day some of the Jews were witnesses when Jesus raised a man from the dead. The man had been dead for four days, and when Jesus arrived, he simply said, “Get up!” and the man arose and walked away. At such a sight, some of the Jews who were watching said disbelievingly, “This is the Devil. The Devil helped him!” Now this story is rehearsed often in churches all over the world, and people cry big tears over it, saying, “Oh, if 1 had been there, 1 would not have been as stupid as the Jews!” Yet ironically, these people do exactly what the Jews did when in just three minutes you show them only a small part of the Qur’an and all they can say is, “Oh, the Devil did it. The devil wrote that book!”. Because they are truly backed into a corner and have no other viable answer, they resort to the quickest and cheapest excuse available.

Another example of people’s use of this weak stance can be found in the Makkans’ explanation of the source of Muhammed’s message. They used to say, “The devils bring Muhammad that Qur’an!” But just as with every other suggestion made, the Qur’an gives the answer. One verse in particular states:

“And they say, ‘Surely he is possessed [byjinn], ‘but it [i.e., the Qur'an] is not except areminder to the worlds.”6

Thus it gives an argument in reply to such a theory. In fact, there are many arguments in the Qur’an in reply to the suggestion that devils brought Muhammad ~ ~ ~ his message. For example, in the 26th chapter Allah clearly affirms:

“No evil ones have brought it [i.e., this revelation] down. It would neither be fitting for them, nor would they be able. Indeed they have been removed far from hearing.”7

And in another place in the Qur’an, Allah instructs us:

“So when you recite the Qur’an seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan, the rejected.”8
Now is this how Satan writes a book? He telis one, “Before you read my book, ask God to save you from me.”? This is very, very tricky. Indeed, a man could write something like this, but would Satan do this? Many people clearly illustrate that they cannot come to one conclusion on this subject. On one hand, they claim that Satan would not do such a thing and that even if he could, God would not allow him to; yet, on the other hand, they also believe that Satan is only that much less than God. In essence they allege that the Devil can probably do whatever God can do. And as a result, when they look at the Qur’an, even as surprised as they are as to how amazing it is, they still insist, “The Devil did this!”

Thanks be to Allah, Muslims do not have that attitude. Although Satan may have some abilities, they are a long way separated from the abilities of Allah. And no Muslim is a Muslim unless he believes that. It is common knowledge even among non-Muslims that the Devil can easily make mistakes, and it would be expected that he would contradict himself if and when he wrote a book. For indeed, the Qur’an states:

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”9

In conjunction with the excuses that non-Muslims advance in futile attempts to justify unexplainable verses in the Qur’an, there is another attack often rendered which seems to be a combination of the theories that Muhammad was crazy and a liar.

Basically, these people propose that Muhammad was insane, and as a result of his delusion, he lied to and misled people. There is a name for this in psychology. It is referred to as mythomania. It means simply that one tells lies and then believes them. This is what the non-Muslims say Muhammad suffered from. But the only problem with this proposal is that one suffering from mythomania absolutely cannot deal with facts, and yet the whole Qur’an is based entirely upon facts. Everything contained in it can be researched and established as true. Since facts are such a problem for a mythomaniac, when a psychologist tries to treat one suffering from that condition, he continually confronts him with facts. For example, if one is mentally ill and claims, “I am the king of England,” a psychologist does not say to him “No you aren’t. You are crazy!” He just does not do that. Rather, he confronts him with facts and says, “O.K., you say you are the king of England. So tell me where the queen is today. And where is your prime minister? And where are your guards?” Now, when the man has trouble trying to deal with these questions, he tries to make excuses, saying UIh… the queen… she has gone to her mother’s. Uh… the prime minister… well he died.” And eventually he is cured because he cannot deal with the facts. If the psychologist continues confronting him with enough facts, finally he faces the reality and says, “1 guess 1 am not the king of England.”

The Qur’an approaches everyone who reads it in very much the same way a psychologist treats his mythomania patient. There is a verse in the Qur’an which states:

“Oh mankind, there has come to you an admonition [i.e., the Qur'an] from your Lord and a healing for what is in the hearts – and guidance and mercy for the believers.”°

At first glance, this statement appears vague, but the meaning of this verse is clear when one views it in light of the aforementioned example. Basically, one is healed of his delusions by reading the Qur’an. In essence, it is therapy. It literally cures deluded people by confronting them with facts. A prevalent attitude throughout the Qur’an is one which says, “Oh mankind, you say such and such about this; but what about such and such? How can you say this when you know that?” And so forth. It forces one to consider what is relevant and what matters while simultaneously healing one of the delusions that the facts presented to mankind by Allah can easily be explained away with flimsy theories and excuses.

It is this very sort of thing – confronting people with facts – that had captured the attention of many non-Muslims. In fact, there exists a very interesting reference concerning this subject in the New Catholic Encyclopedia. In an article under the subject of the Qur’an, the Catholic Church states, “Over the centuries, many theories have been offered as to the origin of the Qur’an… Today no sensible man accepts any of these theories.”!! Now here is the age-old Catholic Church, which has been around for so many centuries, denying these futile attempts to explain away the Qur’an. Indeed, the Qur’an is a problem for the Catholic Church. It states that it is revelation, so they study it. Certainly, they would love to find proof that it is not, but they cannot. They cannot find a viable explanation. But at least they are honest in their research and do not accept the first unsubstantiated interpretation which comes along. The Church states that in fourteen centuries it has not yet been presented a sensible explanation. At least it admits that the Qur’an is not an easy subject to dismiss. Certainly, other people are much less honest. They quickly say, “Oh, the Qur’an came from here. The Qur’an came from there.” And they do not even examine the credibility of what they are stating most of the time.

Of course, such a statement by the Catholic Church leaves the everyday Christian in some difficulty. It just may be that he has his own ideas as to the origin of the Qur’an, but as a single member of the Church, he cannot really act upon his own theory. Such an action would be contrary to the obedience, allegiance and loyalty which the Church demands. By virtue of his membership, he must accept what the Catholic Church declares without question and establish its teachings as part of his everyday routine. So, in essence, if the Catholic Church as a whole is saying, “Do not listen to these unconfirmed reports about the Qur’an,” then what can be said about the Islamic point of view? Even non-Muslims are admitting that there is something to the Qur’an -something that has to be acknowledged – then why are people so stubborn and defensive and hostile when Muslims advance the very same theory? This is certainly something for those with mind a to contemplate -something to ponder for those of understanding!

Recently, the leading intellectual in the Catholic Church – a man by the name of Hans – studied the Qur’an and gave his opinion of what he had read. This man has been around for some time, and he is highly respected in the Catholic Church, and after careful scrutiny, he reported his findings, concluding, “God has spoken to man through the man, Muhammad

Again this is a conclusion arrived at by a non-Muslim source – the very leading intellectual of the Catholic Church himself! I do not think that the Pope agrees with him, but nonetheless, the opinion of such a noted, repute public figure must carry some weight in defense of the Muslim position. He must be applauded for facing the reality that the Qur’an is not something which can be easily pushed aside and that, in fact God is the source of these words. As is evident from the aforementioned information, all of the possibilities have been exhausted, so the chance of finding another possibility of dismissing the Qur’an is nonexistent. For if the book is not a revelation, then it is a deception; and iiit is a deception, one must ask, “What is its origin” And where does it deceive us?” Indeed, the true answers to these questions shed light on the Qur’an’s authenticity and silence the bitter unsubstantiated claims of the unbelievers. Certainly, if people are going to insist that the Qur’an is a deception, then they must bring forth evidence to support such a claim. The burden of proof is on them, not us! One is never supposed to advance a theory without sufficient corroborating facts; so I say to them, “Show me one deception! Show me where the Qur’an deceives me! Show me, otherwise, don’t say that it is a deception!” An interesting characteristic of the Qur’an is how it deals with surprising phenomena which relate not only to the past but to modern times as well. In essence, the Qur’an is not and old problem. It is still a problem even today – a problem to the non-Muslims that is. For everyday, every week, every year brings more and more evidence that the Qur’an is a force to be contended with – that its authenticity is no longer to be challenged! For example, one verse in the Qur’an reads;

“Do not the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We clove them asunder, and made from water every living thing? Will they not then believe?”1′

Ironically, this very information is exactly what they awarded the 1973 Noble Prize for – to a couple of unbelievers. The Qur’an reveals the origin of the universe – how it began from one piece – and mankind continues to verify this revelation, even up to now. Additionally, the fact that all life originated from water would not have been an easy thing to convince people of fourteen centuries ago. Indeed, if 1400 years ago you had stood in the desert and told someone, “All of this, you see (pointing to yourself), is made up of mostly water,” no one would have believed you. Proof of that was not available until the invention of the microscope. They had to wait to find out that cytoplasm, the basic substance of the cell, is made-up of 8O% water. Nonetheless, the evidence did come, and once again the Qur’an stood the test of time.

In reference to the falsification tests mentioned earlier, it is interesting to note that they, too, relate to both the past and the present. Some of them were used as illustrations of Allah’s omnipotence and knowledge, while others continue to stand as challenges to the present day. An example of the former is the statement made in the Qur’an about Abu Lahab. It clearly illustrates that Allah, the Knower of the Unseen, knew that Abu Lahab would never change his ways and accept Islam. Thus Allah dictated that he would be condemned to the Hellfire forever. Such a chapter was both an illustration of Allah’s divine wisdom and a warning to those who were like Abu Lahab.

source: http://darulkautsar.com/new/article.php?ArticleID=205

AQ 1.0: MuqaddimahTafsir Ahkamul Qur’an

July 31, 2008 at 1:54 am | Posted in AL-QURAN | Leave a comment

 
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Dengan (menyebut) Nama Allah yang Yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha penyayang.

Segala puji bagi Allah Subhahu waTa’ala (SWT), selawat dan salam ke atas junjungan RasuluLlah shallahu ‘alaihi wassalam (SAW), juga selawat dan salam ke atas kaum keluarga baginda (ahlul bayt), para sahabat, kaum salaf dan sesiapa yang menjejaki sunnah baginda hingga ke penghujung usia alam buana ini.

Siri ini dinamakan Ahkamul Qur:an, yakni tafsir ayat-ayat Al-Qur:an (AQ) dengan penekanan khusus kepada aspek hukum2 fiqih, memandangkan itulah pengkhususan penulis, yakni dalam bidang fiqh Islami.

Sebelum kita memulakan siri yang panjang ini, elok rasanya Penulis memberi sedikit sebanyak mengenai dunia tafsir ahkamul Qur:an yang juga merupakan suatu bab dalam ilmu tafsir.

Pertama: Istilah
Tafsir ahkamul Qur:an bermaksud pentafsiran AQ yang lebih berorientasikan kepada ayat-ayat hukum atau fiqih. Ia bukanlah suatu yang bid’ah atau baru kerana tafsir ahkam atau tafsir fiqih sebenarnya satu bab dari tafsir bil makthur atau tafsir para salaf. (Zarkasyi, al-Burhan fii Uloom al-Qur:an, Lebanon, Daar alKutub al-Ilmiyah/13)
Seperti yg kita tahu, AQ mengandungi pelbagai variasi ayat, ada ayat2 yg dikategorikan sebagai ayat2 akidah, ada ayat2 qashash atau ayat2 mengenai kisah-kisah silam, ayat2 sains (kauniah), ada kelompok ayat2 akhlak dan kelompok ayat2 ahkam yaitu ayat2 yang mengandungi hukum2 fiqih atau ayat halal dan haram ( Ibn Jazzi, Kitab alTashil li Uloom al Tanziil, Lebanon: darul Fikir/17)

Kedua: Jumlah ayat hukum atau fiqih dalam AQ
Tidak dapat dipastikan dengan tepat kerana ianya isu khilaf di kalangan mufassir. Tinjauan rawak, kita paparkan khilaf bilangannya:
150 ayat ahkam (Thantawi Jawhari)
200 ayat (Ahmad Amin, pengarang Dhuha ul Islam)
228 ayat (syaikh Abdul Wahab Khalaf)
400 ayat (alQadhi Ibn al-Arabi alMaliki)
500 ayat (Imam alGhazali, al-Razi, al-Jazzai dan Ibn Qudamah)
900 ayat (Ibn Mubarak)
1000 ayat (dr Wahbah Zuhaili)
1100 ayat (Imam Abu Yusof)

Ketiga: Perkembangan Tafsir Ahkam
Mufassir pertama AQ ialah Nabi SAW dan beliaulah yang berautoroti mentafsir hukum-hakam dari AQ: dalilnya:
AQT5. 67. “Hai Rasul, sampaikanlah apa yang diturunkan kepadamu dari Tuhanmu. “
AQT 16:44 “Dan Kami turunkan kepadamu Al Qur’an, agar kamu menerangkan pada umat manusia apa yang telah diturunkan kepada mereka dan supaya mereka memikirkan, Ya’ni: perintah-perintah, larangan-larangan, aturan dan lain-lain yang terdapat dalam Al Qur’an.”
Manakala para sahabat yg terkenal sebagai mufassir ahkamul qur:an ialah khulafa arrasyidin, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Mas’ood dan Abu Musa al-Asy’ari (semuanya RA)
Period tabi’in yang masyhur dgn kepakaran ilmu tafsir ahkam ialah murid2 Ibn Abbas di Mekah (Mujahid, Sa’id bin Jubair, Ikrimah), di Kufah ialah murid2 Ibn Mas’ood (alQamah, asySya’bi dan Ibrahim Nakha’iy) dan di kota Madinah sendiri seperti Malik bin Anas, adDhahak, al-Rabi’ bin Anas, dll.
Manakala period awal pembukuan tafsir, tafsir ahkam adalah dipelopori oleh Ibn Hibban al-Busti (w. 203H), dan Ibn Jarir atTabari (w 310H).
Keempat: Tafsir Ahkam yang popular
1. ahkamul Qur:an alJasysyah oleh Imam Abu Bakar Ahmad al-Jasysyah (w. 370H). Kitab 3 jilid ini dan ia amat dipengaruhi oleh mazhab pengarangnya yakni madzhab Hanafi
2. Ahkamul Qur:an oleh Ibn al-Arabi. Kitab 4 jilid ini dikarang oleh alQadhi Cordova, al-Qadhi Abu Bakar Muhammad bin Abdillah (w. 543H). Ia adalah kitab tafsir yang amat berkualiti, walapun pengarangnya bermadzhab Maliki tapi beliau mentafsir secara muqaran (perbandingan) dgn mengemukakan pendapat semua Imam.
3. al-Jaami’ li Ahkamul Qur:an oleh al-Imam Abu Abdillah Muhammad al-Qurthubi (w. 671H). Ia amat tebal, ada cetakan dalam 10 jilid dan ada dalam 22 jilid. Ia adalah sebuah tafsir yg monumental dan amat bermutu.
4. Tafsir Fath alQadir oleh Imam Muhammad bin Ali al-Syaukani (w. 1250H) setebal 5 jilid juga merupakan sebuah kitab tafsir ayat ahkam.
5. Tafsir alMaraghi oleh Grand syaikh of al-Azhar (w. 1945) setebal 10 jilid.
6. tafsir Ayatul Ahkam oleh Dr Muhammad Ali al-Sais, w. 1976 setebal 1 jilid, mukasurat 814. Asalnya ia adalah teks kuliah fakulti syari’ah al-Azhar akhirnya diterbitkan dalam bentuk kitab.
7. Tafsir al-Munir oleh Prof Dr Wahbah azZuhaili, dekan universiti Damsyiq, sekarang, setebal 16 jilid.

Maka berasaskan kitab2 tafsir ahkam inilah, maka kita akan terbitkan secara bersiri, siri tafsir ahkam al-Qur:an cyber pertama di AFN

next..tafsir surah al-Fatihah siri 1

oleh: Sheikh Tuan Hassan Tuan Lah-thtl (www.al-fikrah.net)

sumber: http://www.al-fikrah.net/Forums/viewtopic/p=4039.html#4039

The Scientific Paradigm Given in the Qur’an

April 25, 2008 at 8:20 am | Posted in AL-QURAN | Leave a comment
In this article, Turkish thinker and author, Harun Yahya, explores the relationship between Islam and science, pointing out that the Qur’an enjoins humans to study the world around them.
 

 

Fourteen centuries ago, God sent down the Qur’an as a guide to all humanity.At the time the Arab society was in a state of complete degeneration, chaos and ignorance. They were a barbarous people who worshipped idols of their own making, believed warfare and bloodshed to be virtuous and were even capable of killing their own children. They had little interest in intellectual matters, let alone a scientific outlook to the natural world.

However, through Islam they learned humanity and civilization. Not only the Arabs but all the communities which accepted Islam escaped the darkness of the age of ignorance and were illuminated by the divine wisdom of the Qur’an. Amongst the faculties the Qur’an brought to humanity was scientific thinking.

The genesis of scientific thought is the sense of curiosity. Because people wonder how the universe and nature work, they investigate and become interested in science. But most people lack this curiosity. For them, the important things are not the secrets of the universe and nature but their own small worldly profits and pleasures. In communities where people who think in this way are in charge, science does not develop. Idleness and ignorance rule.

The Arab community before the Qur’an was of this type. But the verses of the Qur’an called upon them to think, to investigate and to use their minds, perhaps for the first time in their lives.

 

In one of the first revealed verses of the Qur’an, God draws the attention of the Arabs to the camel, a part of their everyday lives:

[Have they not looked at the camel-how it was created?
And at the sky-how it was raised up?
And at the mountains-how they were embedded?
And at the earth-how it is spread out?
So remind them! You are only a reminder
.] (Al-Ghashiyah 88:17-21)

In many other verses of the Qur’an, people are instructed to examine nature and learn from it because people can know God only by examining His creations. Because of this, in one verse of the Qur’an Muslims are defined as people who think about the creation of the heavens and the earth:

[Those who remember God, standing, sitting and lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying): “Our Lord, You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire."] (Aal `Imran 3:191)

 

As a result of this, for a Muslim, taking an interest in science is a very important form of worship. In many verses of the Qur’an, God instructs Muslims to investigate the heavens, the earth, living things or their own existence and think about them. When we look at the verses, we find indications of all the main branches of science in the Qur’an.

For example, in the Qur’an, God encourages the science of astronomy:

[He who created the seven heavens in layers. You will not find any flaw in the creation of the All-Merciful. Look again-do you see any gaps? ] (Al-Mulk 67:3)

In another verse of the Qur’an, God encourages the investigation of astronomy and the composition of the earth that is the science of geology:

[Do they not look at the sky above them? How We have made it and adorned it, and there are no flaws in it? And the earth, We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and produced therein every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs), To be observed and commemorated by every devotee turning (to God). ] (Qaf 50:6-8)

 

In the Qur’an, God also encourages the study of botany:

[It is He Who sends down water from the sky from which We bring forth growth of every kind, and from that We bring forth the green shoots and from them We bring forth close-packed seeds, and from the spathes of the date palm date clusters hanging down, and gardens of grapes and olives and pomegranates, both similar and dissimilar. Look at their fruits as they bear fruit and ripen. There are Signs in that for people who believe. ] (Al-An`am 6:99)

In another verse of the Qur’an, God draws attention to zoology:

[You have a lesson in livestock... ] (An-Nahl 16:66)

Here is a Qur’anic verse about the sciences of archaeology and anthropology:

[Have they not traveled in the earth and seen the final fate of those before them? ] (Ar-Rum 30:9)

In another verse of the Qur’an, God draws attention to the proof of God in a person’s own body and spirit:

[There are certainly Signs in the earth for people with certainty; and in yourselves as well. Do you not then see? ] (Adh-Dhariyat 51:20-21)

As we can see, God recommends all the sciences to Muslims in the Qur’an. Because of this the growth of Islam in history meant at the same time the growth of scientific knowledge.


* Excerpted from “The Islamic Origins of Modern Science.” To read the original article, visit www.harunyahya.com. Reprinted with slight editorial changes with permission from the author.

Harun Yahya was born in Ankara in 1956. He studied fine arts at Istanbul’s Mimar Sinan University and philosophy at Istanbul University. Since the 1980s, he has published many books on political, faith-related, and scientific issues.

source: http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1158658439626&pagename=Zone-English-Living_Shariah%2FLSELayout

KEHEBATAN ATOM PETANDA KEKUASAAN TUHAN

April 11, 2008 at 5:37 pm | Posted in AL-QURAN | 4 Comments

Harun Yahya   

Udara yang kita gunakan bagi bernafas adalah terdiri daripada atom. Begitu juga makanan dan minuman juga terdiri daripada atom bahkan segala-galanya dalam tubuh manusia itu sendiri terdiri daripada atom. Segala objek yang kita lihat di sekeliling kita juga sebenarnya adalah proton yang bertindak balas pada elektron milik atom di dalam mata kita.

Bagaimana pula dengan benda yang kita sentuh dan rasa? Semuanya sama. Tidak kira sama ada ia keras ataupun lembut, kasar ataupun licin, sejuk ataupun panas, semuanya terdiri daripada atom dalam kulit kita yang bertindak balas dengan atom pada setiap objek-objek itu.

Banyak orang mengetahui tubuh badan mereka, planet bumi, galaksi bahkan seluruh pelusuk alam terdiri daripada sejumlah atom-atom kecil. Namun mereka mungkin tidak pernah terfikir berkenaan sistem dan kekukuhan unsur paling asas pada setiap benda iaitu ‘atom’.

Realitinya, manusia berada sangat dekat dengan aturan yang paling sempurna itu sepanjang hidup mereka. Tambah menarik lagi, setiap  satu daripada berjuta-juta atom ada pada kerusi yang kita duduk. Ia ada susunan dan sistem yang amat rumit sehingga setiap satu atom hanya dapat dihuraikan pada sebuah buku. Secara lazimnya, setiap pengubahsuaian pada susunan semulajadi yang tiada tandingan ini akan gagal dan susunan itu tetap dalam keadaan begitu tanpa sedikit kekurangan.

Susunan Pada Setiap Atom

Setiap atom terdiri daripada nukleus dan elektron-elektron yang berputar mengelilingi nukleus pada jarak yang bersesuaian.

Elektron adalah butir-butir zarah yang berputar di sekeliling paksinya. Di sekeliling nukleus itu sendiri sama seperti puataran 24 jam bumi yang berputar pada paksinya dalam proses melengkapkan putaran orbit selama setahun mengelilingi matahari. Sama juga seperti planet-planet, putaran elektron yang teratur pada orbitnya sangat menakjubkan tanpa sekali pun berhenti.

Putaran dan pusingan berdozen-dozen elektron menyebabkan ‘lalu lintas’ yang amat sibuk di dalam atom yang terlalu kecil untuk dilihat walaupun menggunakan mikroskop berkualiti tinggi. Namun pernahkah kita berfikir bagaimana elektron-elektron yang berputar seperti sekumpulan satelit, mengelilingi nukleus itu tidak pernah sama sekali berlanggar antara satu sama lain. Seandainya terjadi perlanggaran walaupun kecil di dalam atom, ia boleh mengakibatkan kesan yang sangat buruk.

Namun sehingga kini tidak pernah ada kemalangan yang terjadi. Semuanya berjalan mengikut susunan dan aturan yang sempurna tanpa ada sedikit pun cacat celanya. Elektron-elektron yang berputar di sekeliling nukleus tidak pernah berlanggar antara satu sama lain walaupun dalam kelajuan 1000 kilometer sesaat, satu kelajuan yang tidak dapat digambarkan. Kemampuan setiap elektron mengekalkan laluan masing-masing adalah amat menakjubkan.

Persoalannya, mengapakah elektron-elektron yang sama di sekeliling satu nukleus ada orbit yang berbeza? Bagaimana ia mampu berputar mengikut orbitnya tanpa pernah sekalipun tersasar? Bagaimana ia mampu mengelakkan perlanggaran ataupun pergeseran antara satu sama lain dalam proses itu walaupun dengan kelajuan yang sukar dibayangkan. Segala-galanya membawa kita kepada satu kesimpulan. Kebenaran yang berada di hadapan kita ini melibatkan unsur yang tiada tandingannya dan juga keseimbangan  yang hebat. Ia adalah bukti kesempurnaan ciptaan Tuhan. Dalam ayat 88 surah an-Naml, Allah menyatakan, “Dan kamu lihat gunung-gunung itu, kamu sangka dia tetap di tempatnya, padahal ia berjalan seperti pergerakan awan. Begitulah perbuatan Allah yang membuat sesuatu dengan kukuh; sesungguhnya Allah Maha Mengetahui apa yang kamu lakukan.

Ayat ini menjelaskan kepada kita hakikat mengapa atom bertindak dan bersifat begitu. Ia adalah kerana Tuhan memberikannya kekuatan dan kekukuhan yang tersendiri. Perkataan bahasa Arab pada “memberikannya kekuatan dan kekukuhan” ialah ‘atqana’ yang bermaksud ‘bagi menyusun atau mengatur sesuatu benda bagi mendapatkan hasil yang paling sempurna’. Elektron-elektron di dalam atom berputar secara tetap dan sempurna mengikut laluan yang ditetapkan oleh Tuhan. Hal ini sama seperti apa yang dinyatakan kepada kita dalam ayat tadi.

Atom-atom itu tidak pernah sama sekali tersasar walaupun sedikit. Apatah lagi apabila kita mengambil kira alam semesta ini, kita dapat melihat segala yang terbentuk daripada jirim mereput secara perlahan-lahan mengikut peredaran masa. Ia reput disebabkan oleh faktor-faktor luaran seperti terhakis, pecah dan akhirnya menjadi semakin berkurangan. Namun setakat ini, masih belum ada kerosakan ataupun pereputan   yang dapat dilihat di dalam atom selain daripada reaksi nuklear yang terhasil melalui perubahan yang sengaja dilakukan. Seperti yang dinyatakan dalam ayat tadi, atom itu diciptakan dalam keadaan yang sangat kukuh.

Tenaga yang Hebat dalam Nukleus Setiap Atom

Nukleus-nukleus atom terdiri daripada proton dan neutron. Namun, apakah tenaga yang mengikat kedua-dua unsur halus itu dalam nukleus? Itulah yang dimaksudkan sebagai ‘kekuatan tenaga nuklear’. Tenaga yang dinyatakan oleh hukum fizik sebagai tenaga hebat yang mengikat nukleus-nukleus atom. 

Tenaga inilah yang mengikat proton dan neutron seutuhnya. Tenaga ini amat berkuasa sehingga ia mampu melekatkan proton dan neutron dalam nukleus. Dalam masa yang sama, ia memisahkan dan mengasingkan kedua-duanya. Sekiranya tenaga ini ada lebih kuasa pengikat, proton dan neutron akan bergabung antara satu sama lain. Sekiranya kuasa pengikat lemah, kedua-duanya akan bertebaran dan atom akan hancur.

Apabila tenaga hebat dalam nukleus itu dibebaskan, atom akan berpisah dan pecah seterusnya menghasilkan tenaga yang menggerunkan dikenali sebagai tenaga nuklear. Semakin bertambah jumlah proton dan neutron, semakin besar saiz nukleus. Oleh hal yang demikian, semakin kuatlah magnitud tenaga yang mengikat unsur-unsur halus itu.

Proses pemisahan tenaga yang mengikat proton dan neutron adalah sukar bagi nukleus-nukleus yang lebih besar. Apabila unsur-unsur halus itu terpisah antara satu sama lain, ia akan cuba untuk kembali bersama dengan tenaga yang lebih besar dan kuat, seperti satu spring. Tenaga ini dianggarkan 1038 kali ganda lebih besar berbanding graviti. Dalam erti kata lain, beratus- ratus juta lebih besar tenaganya. Selagi mana tenaga itu tidak diusik ataupun diubah, ia tidak akan mendatangkan keburukan. Namun dengan adanya campur tangan manusia, ia boleh menjadi satu tenaga yang mampu membinasakan berjuta-juta manusia.

Pengekalan Tenaga Dalam Nukleus

Tenaga luar biasa yang berada dalam nukleus setiap atom ini pada asasnya berupaya membahayakan berjuta-juta nyawa manusia. Sebenarnya, ia terbentuk melalui dua tindak balas atom yang berbeza. Tindak balas itu dikenali sebagai ‘pembelahan’ yang terbentuk melalui pemisahan ataupun pembahagian nukleus. Manakala ‘pelakuran’ adalah penggabungan dua atom yang berbeza menggunakan tenaga yang kuat. Satu tenaga yang besar dan menakjubkan akan terbentuk melalui kedua-dua tindak balas ini.

Semasa eksperimen–eksperimen awal teknik  pembelahan dijalankan, saintis ‘membedil’ nukleus dalam uranium-235 dengan neutron-neutron pada kelajuan yang pantas. Hasilnya, mereka mendapati satu keadaan yang amat menarik. Setelah neutron itu diserap oleh nukleus dalam atom uranium tersebut, ia menjadi tidak stabil. Pada masa itu, ada perbezaan jumlah antara proton dan neutron dalam nukleus seterusnya menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan. Justeru, bagi menyelesaikan ketidakseimbangan itu, nukleus mula berpecah sambil mengeluarkan sejumlah tenaga bersama dengan unsur-unsur halus pada kelajuan yang sangat pantas.

Saintis ‘membidik’ neutron yang bergerak itu dengan cubaan bagi ‘menembak’ satu daripada nukleus-nukleus dalam atom uranium. Semua ini dilakukan bagi memecahkan satu daripada nuleus-nukleus atom dalam timbunan atom uranium-235 sehingga pecah berkecai. Semasa ia berpecah, setiap nukleus membebaskan dua ataupun tiga neutron secara purata. Neutron-neutron ini kemudiannya menyerap nukleus-nukleus lain sehingga menghasilkan tindak balas.

Setiap satu nukleus uranium yang baru berpecah akan bertindak balas sama seperti yang pertama. Seterusnya, satu siri pemecahan nuklear atau ‘pembelahan’ berlaku. Setelah sejumlah besar nukleus-nukleus uranium berpecah dan terbelah, ia akan menghasilkan jumlah tenaga yang amat menakjubkan.

Proses pembelahan dan pemecahan nukleus-nukleus U-235 inilah yang membawa kepada tragedi Hiroshima dan Nagasaki. Tragedi yang meragut berpuluh-puluh ribu nyawa orang awam. Oleh kerana bumi, seluruh atmosfera dan tubuh badan kita sendiri terdiri daripada atom, apakah yang dapat menghalang atom-atom ini daripada menghasilkan tindak balas seumpama itu. Apakah yang mampu menghalang kemusnahan seperti yang berlaku di Hiroshima dan Nagasaki daripada berlaku di tempat lain? Pada bila-bila masa sahaja?

Bayangkan lebih kurang 100 trilion atom dimuatkan ke dalam satu kepala pin, apakah kita boleh gambarkan bagaimana struktur stabil setiap atom berubah sebaliknya. Justeru, apakah ada alternatif lain yang dapat menghalang nuklear daripada memusnahkan seluruh alam semesta dalam masa yang pantas? 

Neutron-neutron sekiranya bergerak secara bebas dalam alam iaitu bebas daripada sebarang nukleus atom, ia akan melalui satu proses yang dikenali sebagai ‘kemerosotan beta’. Oleh sebab itu, jarang sekali didapati neutron yang bebas dalam alam semulajadi. Ia hanya ada pada tempoh yang sangat terhad. Justeru, neutron yang digunakan dalam tindak balas nuklear dibebaskan menggunakan cara manual.

Tuhan, pencipta alam yang tiada tandingannya ini sudah mencipta seluruh alam semesta dengan sempurna. Seperti yang dinyatakan dalam ayat 100, surah Yusuf, “….Sesungguhnya Tuhanku maha lembut pada apa yang Dia mahu. Sesungguhnya Dialah yang maha mengetahui lagi maha bijaksana.” Tuhan menciptakan atom, ada tenaga yang menggerunkan dalamnya. Tuhan juga mengawal tenaga itu dengan cara yang luar biasa. Dia menciptakan atom dalam satu sistem yang secara semulajadinya tidak mungkin rosak ataupun binasa. Walaupun segala-galanya yang wujud di alam semesta ini akhirnya akan berhadapan dengan kepupusan ataupun kebinasaan, atom  tetap kekal dengan kukuhnya. Nukleus dan elektron-elektron yang berputar dengan kelajuan yang tidak dapat dibayangkan menjadi bukti keindahan dan kesempurnaan ciptaan Tuhan. Bukti kuasa Tuhan yang tiada tandingannya.

Tenaga Atom dan Pembelahan Nuklear: Satu Keajaiban Al-Quran

Dalam surah al-An’am ayat 95, Allah menyatakan, “Sesungguhnya Allah menumbuhkan butir tumbuh-tumbuhan dan biji buah-buahan. Dia mengeluarkan yang hidup daripada yang mati dan mengeluarkan yang mati daripada yang hidup. Yang memiliki sifat-sifat demikian adalah Allah. Tetapi mengapa kamu masih berpaling?”

Istilah “butir tumbuh-tumbuhan” (alhabbi) dan “biji buah-buahan” (annawa) dalam ayat di atas membawa  maksud pembelahan atom. Terjemahan annawa menurut kamus termasuklah ‘nukleus, pusat, nukleus atom’. Tambahan pula, perumpamaan mengeluarkan yang hidup daripada yang mati ditafsirkan Tuhan mencipta unsur daripada tenaga yang mati. Mengeluarkan yang mati daripada yang hidup  pula boleh dikaitkan dengan tenaga mati yang muncul daripada benda hidup kerana atom adalah sesuatu yang sentiasa bergerak. Ia juga disebabkan selain daripada “hidup”, alhayyi juga membawa maksud ‘aktif’ ataupun ‘bertenaga’.  Dengan maksudnya “tidak hidup”, almayyit, diterjemahkan di atas sebagai ‘mati’, yang mungkin merujuk pada tenaga.

Saintis mendefinisikan tenaga sebagai kemampuan melakukan pekerjaan. Jirim adalah bahan yang melibatkan semua objek di bumi dan seluruh alam semesta . Ia terdiri daripada atom dan molekul-molekul yang dilihat bergerak hanya menggunakan mikroskop elektron.  Pada awal abad ke-20, Albert Einstein mengeluarkan teori menyatakan jirim mampu ditukarkan kepada tenaga. Beliau juga mengatakan kedua-duanya saling berkait rapat pada peringkat atom. Ini boleh dikaitkan dengan mengeluarkan yang mati daripada yang hidup seperti yang disebutkan di atas. Dalam ertikata lain, mendapatkan tenaga daripada jirim yang sentiasa bergerak pada peringkat atom. Tambahannya, perkataan yukhriju membawa maksud ‘menghidupkan’. Ia juga membawa pengertian ‘mengeluarkan’ atau ‘memancarkan’ seperti pancaran gelombang elektrik. Oleh yang demikian, istilah yang disebutkan dalam ayat ini mungkin sahaja menunjukkan bentuk tenaga yang didapati daripada atom.

Seperti yang kita tahu pada hari ini, nukleus atom boleh dipisahkan daripada komponen-komponennya. Berdasarkan pada teori Einstein, para saintis berjaya mendapatkan tenaga daripada jirim melalui pembelahan nuklear lewat tahun 1940-an. Kata kerja ‘bagi memisahkan’ pada perkataan faliqu dalam ayat di atas mungkin merujuk pada  pemisahan nukleus. Seperti yang kita lihat, tenaga yang luar biasa dan hebat dilepaskan apabila proses ini berlaku.

sumber: http://www.harunyahya.com/malaysian/artikel/atom.php

KEWUJUDAN ALAM SEMESTA

March 6, 2008 at 1:31 pm | Posted in AL-QURAN | 5 Comments

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Asal usul alam semesta diterangkan dalam Al-Qur’an dalam ayat berikut;

Dia adalah maha Pencipta langit dan bumi. Surat al-An’aam:101.

Maklumat yang dinyatakan dalam Al-Qur’an ini adalah satu fakta yang sangat tepat dan selari dengan penemuan sains kontemporari. Kesimpulan yang dicapai dalam bidang astrofizik hari ini ialah bahawa alam semesta, bersama-sama dengan dimensi benda dan masa, telah terhasil melalui satu letupan yang besar yang terjadi ketika masa-sifar. Fenomena ini yang dikenali sebagai Big Bang membuktikan bahawa alam semesta telah diciptakan dari ketiadaan sebagai satu produk, dari satu letupan titik tunggal. Golongan saintifik moden percaya bahawa Big Bang adalah satu-satunya penerangan paling rasional dan fakta yang dapat dibuktikan mengenai permulaan dan asal kewujudan alam semesta.

Sebelum fenomena Big Bang terjadi, tidak terdapat sebarang benda yang wujud. Dalam keadaan tanpa sebarang kewujudan kebendaan, tenaga atau masa, dan yang mana hanya dapat diterangkan secara metafizik, semuanya ini sebenarnya telah diciptakan. Fakta ini, yang baru diketahui melalui kajian dalam bidang fizik moden, telah dinyatakan dalam Al-Qur’an 1400 tahun lalu.

PENGEMBANGAN ALAM SEMESTA

Dalam Al-Qur’an yang diwahyukan 1400 tahun lalu, ketika pengetahuan tentang astronomi masih sedikit, fakta mengenai pengembangan alam semesta telah diterangkan seperti berikut;

Dan langit itu Kami bina dengan kekuasaan (Kami) dan sesungguhnya Kami benar-benar meluaskannya. (Surah az-Dzariyat;47)

Perkataan ‘langit’ yang dinyatakan dalam ayat di atas digunakan dalam banyak tempat dalam Al-Qur’an yang bermaksud ruang angkasa dan cakerawala. Di sini sekali lagi, perkataan ini digunakan untuk maksud ini. Dalam perkataan lain, Al-Qur’an mendedahkan hakikat mengenai proses pengembangan alam semesta. Dan ini merupakan puncak kesimpulan yang diputuskan oleh dunia sains hari ini.

Sehingga penghujung abad ke 20, pandangan yang paling masyhur dalam dunia sains ialah bahawa ‘alam semesta mempunyai sifat konstan (statik) dan telah wujud tanpa keterbatasan masa’. Kajian, pemerhatian dan pengiraan yang dijalankan melalui seluruh insfranstruktur teknologi moden, sebenarnya telah menunjukkan bahawa alam semesta telah wujud dalam masa yang terbatas dan berkembang secara konstan.

Pada permulaan abad ke 20, seorang ahli fizik Russia Alexander Friedmann dan ahli kosmologi Belgium George Le’maitre telah membuat pengiraan secara teori bahawa alam semesta adalah dalam keadaan pergerakan yang berterusan dan ia sebenarnya berkembang.

Fakta ini juga telah dibuktikan melalui data dari pemerhatian yang dijalankan pada tahun 1929. Edwin Hubble seorang ahli astronomi Amerika yang membuat pemerhatian di langit dengan menggunakan teleskop, mengisytiharkan bahawa bintang-bintang dan galaksi-galaksi bergerak menjauhi antara satu sama lain secara berterusan. Sebuah alam semesta di mana semua benda di dalamnya secara konstan bergerak menjauhi sesama mereka, jelas menggambarkan pengembangan alam semesta itu. Pemerhatian yang dijalankan dalam tahun berikutnya mengesahkan bahawa alam semesta adalah berkembang secara berterusan. Fakta ini telah di jelaskan dalam Al-Qur’an ketika mana hal ini masih belum lagi pernah diketahui oleh manusia. Ini adalah kerana Al-Qur’an adalah kalam Tuhan, maha Pencipta dan Pemerintah bagi seluruh alam semesta.

PEMISAHAN LANGIT DAN BUMI

Sepotong ayat mengenai penciptaan langit dinyatakan sebagai berikut.ayat.

“dan apakah orang-orang kafir itu tidak melihat bahawasanya langit dan bumi itu keduanya dahulu adalah suatu yang padu (satu unit penciptaan), kemudian kami pisahkan antara keduanya. Dan daripada air Kami jadikan segala sesuatu yang hidup. Maka mengapakan mereka tiada juga beriman?”. (Surah Al-Anbia: 30)

Kalimah ‘ratq’ diertikan sebagai dijahit yang bermaksud ‘dikumpul bersama, dicampur’ dalam kamus bahasa arab. Ianya digunakan untuk merujuk dua intipati yang berbeza yang membina suatu yang menyeluruh. Frasa ‘Kami membuka jahitan; adalah perkataan fataq dalam bahasa arab dan menggambarkan bahawa sesuatu yang diwujudkan dengan membelah bahagian atau memusnahkan struktur ratq. Biji benih yang tumbuh bertunas dari tanah adalah satu contoh frasa ini.

Sekarang mari kita perhatikan sejenak ayat ini sekali lagi dengan menyimpan pemahaman ini di dalam minda. Di dalam ayat tersebut, langit dan bumi pada status pertamanya adalah berbentuk ratq. Kedua-duanya di pisahkan (fataqa) dengan kemunculan satu dari yang satu lagi. Apa yang menarik, apabila kita mengingati saat pertama fenomena Big Bang kita melihat bahawa satu titik tunggal mengandungi semua material alam semesta.

Dalam perkataan lain, setiap benda termasuk langit dan bumi yang masih belum diciptakan lagi, juga termasuk di dalam titik tunggal ini dalam keadaan ratq. Titik ini kemudiannya meletup dalam satu letupan yang besar, menyebabkan materialnya menjadi fataq dan proses ini membentuk keseluruhan struktur alam semesta. Apabila kita membandingkan pernyataan di dalam ayat Al-Qur’an di atas dengan penemuan saintifik, kita mendapati bahawa kedua-duanya berada dalam keserasian yang sempurna di antara satu sama lain. Apa yang cukup menarik perhatian ialah penemuan ini tidak diketahui sehingga abad ke 20.

ORBIT

Ketika menerangkan mengenai bulan dan matahari dalam Al-Qur’an, ianya ditekankan bersama bahawa setiap satunya mempunyai laluan orbit tertentu;

Dia yang menjadikan malam dan siang, matahari dan bulan, setiap mereka berenang di falak (tempat peredarannya). (Surah al-Anbiya; 33)

Dalam ayat lain dinyatakan juga bahawa matahari sebenarnya bukan objek yang statik tetapi juga mempunyai orbitnya tertentu;

Dan matahari beredar di tempat peredarannya. Demikianlah ketetapan yang maha Perkasa dan maha Mengetahui. (Surah Yaasin;38)

Fakta yang dikemukakan dalam Al-Qur’an ini telah ditemui melalui pemerhatian astronomi hari ini. Berdasarkan kepada kiraan pakar-pakar astronomi, matahari bergerak dalam kelajuan yang besar selaju 720, 000 km sejam mengarah ke bintang Vega dalam satu orbit tertentu dalam sistem Solar Apex. Ini bererti matahari bergerak sejauh 17,280,000 km sejam secara anggaran. Bersama-sama dengan matahari, dan semua planet dan satelit yang berada dalam lingkungan sistem graviti matahari (sistem solar) juga turut bergerak pada jarak yang sama. Sebagai tambahan, semua bintang dalam alam semesta adalah berada dalam satu persamaan pergerakan yang telah ditentukan.

Lanjutan hal ini, iaitu alam semesta dipenuhi dengan lintasan dan orbit telah dimaktubkan di dalam Al-Qur’an;

Demi langit yang mempunyai jalan-jalan. (Surah az-Dzariyat;7)

Terdapat lebih kurang 200 bilion galaksi dalam alam semesta, yang mengandungi hampir 200 billion bintang setiap satu. Kebanyakan dari bintang-bintang ini mempunyai planet-planet dan kebanyakan dari planet ini mempunyai satelit. Semua objek-objek langit ini bergerak menepati orbit-orbit yang telah dicongak. Untuk berapa juta tahun, semuanya ‘berenang’ melintasi orbit masing-masing dalam keseimbangan dan susunan yang sempurna bersama-sama dengan yang lain. Selanjutnya, bilangan komet yang banyak juga bergerak bersama dalam orbit-orbit yang telah ditentukan untuk mereka.

Orbit-orbit dalam alam semesta bukan sahaja dimiliki oleh jasad-jasad langit ini, tetapi juga dimiliki oleh galaksi-galaksi yang bergerak pada kelajuan yang besar dalam orbit-orbit yang telah ditetapkan. Sewaktu dalam pergerakan, tidak ada satupun objek langit ini yang memotong orbit atau bertembung dengan objek lain.

Suatu yang pasti, ketika Al-Qur’an di turunkan manusia tidak mempunyai sebarang teleskop seperti hari ini atau teknologi pemerhatian yang maju untuk memerhati jutaan kilometer ruang angkasa, dan juga tanpa pengetahuan fizik atau astronomi yang moden. Dengan hal ini, ianya suatu yang mustahil ketika itu untuk menentukan secara saintifik bahawa ruang langit ‘dipenuhi dengan lintasan dan orbit’ seperti yang dinyatakan dalam Al-Qur’an. Bagaimanapun, hal ini secara jelas diterangkan kepada manusia dalam Al-Qur’an yang diwahyukan ketika itu -kerana Al-Qur’an sebenarnya adalah kalam Tuhan.

BENTUK SFERA BUMI

“Dia menciptakan langit dan bumi dengan kebenaran. Dia membungkuskan malam atas siang dan membungkuskan siang atas malam… (Surah Az-Zumar:5)

Dalam Al-Qur’an, perkataan yang digunakan untuk menerangkan alam semesta adalah sangat penting. Kalimah arab yang diertikan sebagai ‘membalut’ dalam ayat di atas adalah ‘takwir’, dan dalam bahasa inggeris, ia bermakud ‘menjadikan sesuatu membalut sesuatu yang lain, dililit sebagai satu pakaian yang terhampar. Sebagai contoh, dalam kamus arab perkataan ini digunakan untuk perbuatan membalut sesuatu mengelilingi suatu yang lain seperti mana orang yang memakai serban.

Maklumat yang diertikan di dalam ayat mengenai siang dan malam yang membalut antara satu sama lain menyatakan maklumat yang tepat mengenai bentuk dunia. Fenomena ini hanya akan menjadi benar sekiranya bumi adalah berbentuk bulat. Ini bererti bahawa di dalam Al-Qur’an, yang diturunkan di abad ke 7, bentuk sfera bumi telah di disebutkan secara kiasan di dalamnya.

Ianya harus diingat, bagaimanapun, bahawa pemahaman mengenai astronomi ketika itu melihat dunia secara berbeza. Ketika itu difikirkan bahawa bumi berbentuk dataran rata dan semua pengiraan saintifk dan penjelasan berdasarkan kepada kepercayaan ini. Ayat Al-Qur’an bagaimanapun telah memuatkan maklumat yang baru diketahui beberapa abad sebelum ini, oleh kerana Al-Qur’an adalah kalam Tuhan, perkataan yang paling tepat digunakan di dalamnya ketika menerangkan mengenai alam smesta.

 

BUMBUNG PROTEKTIF.

Dalam Al-Qur’an, Tuhan menarik perhatian kita kepada ciri-ciri yang sangat mengagumkan di atas langit;

Dan Kami jadikan langit itu sebagai atap terpelihara sedang mereka berpaling dari segala tanda (kekuasaan Allah) yang terdapat padanya. (Surah al-Anbiya; 32)

Sifat istimewa langit ini telah dibuktikan melalui kajian saintifik yang dijalankan pada abad ke 20 ini.

Ruang atmosefera yang mengelilingi bumi sebenarnya menjalankan fungsi yang sangat penting untuk mengekalkan kehidupan untuk wujud. Ketika memusnahkan meteor-meteor besar dan kecil ketika mendekati bumi, ia menghalangnya dari jatuh ke dalam bumi dan dari membahayakan makhluk hidupan.

Sebagai tambahan, atmosfera menapis sinaran yang datang dari luar angkasa yang sangat membahayakan kepada hidupan. Apa yang menariknya, atmosfera menelap sinaran yang berguna dan berfaedah- cahaya nampak, tak nampak dan gelombang radio – untuk menembusinya. Semua jenis radiasi ini adalah sangat penting kepada kehidupan. Cahaya nampak, yang sebahagiannya dibenarkan menembusi dalam atmosfera adalah sangat diperlukan untuk menjalankan proses fotosintesis dalam tumbuhan yang membantu mengekalkan makhluk hidupan. Kebanyakan sinaran ultra violet dengan keamatan tinggi yang dipancarkan oleh matahari di telap keluar oleh lapisan ozon dalam atmosfera dan hanya membataskan -dan yang paling penting- bahagian kecil dalam spektrom ultra violet untuk mencecah permukaan bumi.

Fungsi protefktif atmosfera tidak berakhir di sini. Atmosfera juga melindungi bumi dari kesan pembekuan dari luar angkasa, dengan suhu lebih kurang -270 darjah centigrade.

Sebenarnya atmosfera tidak bersendirian dalam menjalankan fungsi perlindungan kepada bumi. Sebagai tambahan kepada atmosfera, Jalur Allan Velt, lapisan yang dihasilkan oleh medan magnet bumi, juga berfungsi sebagai perlindungan menentang radiasi yang merbahaya yang mengancam planet kita. Radiasi merbahaya ini, yang secara berterusan dipancarkan oleh matahari dan bintang-bintang lain berpotensi membawa maut kepada makhluk hidupan. Sekiranya Jalur Van Allan tidak wujud, letupan besar-besaran oleh tenaga yang dipanggil nyalaan solar (solar flares) yang kerap terjadi di matahari akan menghancurkan semua kehidupan dalam dunia.

Dr Hugh Ross menyatakan hal ini mengenai kepentingan jalur Van Allen kepada kehidupan;

Sebenarnya, bumi mempunyai kepadatan paling tinggi berbanding sebarang planet dalam sistem solar kita. Teras besar nikal-besi ini bertanggungjawab untuk medan magnet gergasi kita. Medan magnet ini menghasilkan perisai radiasi Van Allen yang melindungi bumi dari pengeboman radiasi. Sekiranya perisai ini tidak wujud, kehidupan tidak mungkin berada di bumi. Satu-satunya planet berbatu yang mempunyai medan magnet ialah Utarid- tetapi kekuatan medannya 100 kali lebih kecil berbanding medan magnet bumi, bahkan Zuhrah, saudara planet kita, tidak mempunyai sebarang medan magnet. Perisai radiasi Van Allen adalah satu rekaan yang unik kepada bumi.

Tenaga yang dipancarkan dari salah satu pembakaran yang dikesan baru-baru ini telah dikira dan dipastikan adalah bersamaan dengan 100 juta kali ganda bom atom yang digugurkan di Hiroshima!!. 58 jam selepas letupan ini, jarum kompas magnetik diperhatikan menunjukkan pergerakan yang luar biasa dan 250 kilometer di atas atmosfera bumi, suhu jatuh mendadak kepada 2500 darjah selsius.

Ringkasnya, sebuah sistem yang sempurna sedang bekerja di luar permukaan bumi. Ia mengelilingi dunia kita dan melindunginya dari ancaman luar. Saintis hanya menyedari hal ini beberapa tahun lalu. Tetapi Tuhan telah menerangkan kepada kita dalam Al-Qur’an mengenai atmosfera bumi yang berfungsi sebagai perisai pelindung 14 abad lalu.

PENGITARAN DI ATAS LANGIT.

Ayat ke 11 dalam surah at-Tariq, merujuk kepada fungsi ‘pembalikan’ langit;

Demi langit yang mempunyai (sistem) pengitaran. Surat at-Tariq;11.

Perkataan yang ditafsirkan sebagai ‘kitaran’ dalam penerjemahan Al-Qur’an juga bermaksud ‘menghantar balik’ atau ‘pengembalian’.

Seperti yang diketahui, atmosfera yang mengelilingi bumi mengandungi beberapa lapisan. Setiap lapisan memberikan tujuan penting bagi faedah kehidupan. Kajian telah menunjukkan bahawa semua lapisan ini menjalankan fungsi pemantulan material atau sinaran yang bergerak ke arahnya keluar semula ke luar angkasa atau turun kembali ke bumi. Sekarang kita akan meneliiti beberapa contoh fungsi ‘pengitaran’ yang dimainkan oleh lapisan-lapisan yang mengelilingi ruang langit bumi.

Troposfera, setinggi 13 hingga 15 kilometer di atas permukaan bumi membantu mengkondensasikan wap air yang naik ke udara dari permukaan bumi sebagai titisan hujan.

Lapisan ozon, pada ketinggian 25 kilometer, memancarkan semula sinaran merbahaya dan cahaya ultra violet yang datang dari luar angkasa kembali ke luar.

Lapisan ionosfera memancarkan liputan gelombang radio dari bumi kembali ke bahagian lain dalam bumi, sama seperti komunikasi satelit pasif, yang menyebabkan komunikasi tanpa wayar, radio dan siaran liputan televisyen dapat dilakukan untuk jarak yang lebih jauh.

Lapisan magnetosfera pula berfungsi mengembalikan zarah radioaktif merbahaya yang dipancarkan oleh matahari dan bintang-bintang lain kembali semula ke angkasa lepas sebelum sampai ke bumi.

Fakta mengenai sifat-sifat lapisan-lapisan atmosfera, yang baru diketahui baru-baru ini telah diumumkan berabad lamanya dalam Al-Qur’an, sekali lagi menunjukan bahawa Al-Qur’an sebenarnya adalah kata-kata Maha Suci Allah.

LAPISAN ATMOSFERA

Satu kenyataan telah disebut di dalam Al-Qur’an bahawa alam semesta ini mempunyai 7 lapisan;

Dia-lah Allah yang menjadikan segala yang ada di bumi untuk kamu dan Dia berkehendak terhadap langit, lalu di jadikanNya 7 lapisan langit. Dan Dia maha Mengetahui segala sesuatu. (Surah al-Baqarah; 29)

Maka Dia menjadikannya tujuh langit dalam dua masa dan Dia mewahyukan pada tiap-tiap langit urusannya. Dan Kami hiasi langit yang dekat dengan bintang-bintang yang cemerlang dan Kami memeliharanya dengan sebaik-baiknya. Demikianlah ketentuan yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Mengetahui. (Surah Fusilat; 12)

Perkatan ‘langit-langit’, yang mana banyak di sebut di dalam ayat Al-Qur’an merujuk kepada langit di atas bumi dan merangkumi juga seluruh alam semesta. Makna perkataan tersebut bermaksud langit di bumi ataupun atmosfera yang terdiri daripada 7 lapisan.

Kajian kontemporari mendapati bahawa atmosfera dunia terdiri daripada pelbagai lapisan yang saling tindih menindih di antara satu sama lain, tambahan lagi lapisan ini telah digambarkan di dalam Al-Qur’an secara tepat.

Berdasarkan kajian saintifik yang telah dijalankan, subjek ini digambarkan seperti berikut;

Para saintis telah menemui bahawa atmosfera terdiri daripada beberapa lapisan, lapisan tersebut berbeza dari sudut fizikal berdasarkan tekanan atmosefera dan kandungan gas. Lapisan atmosefera yang paling hampir kepada permukaan bumi di panggil troposfera, yang mengandungi lebih kurang 90% jumlah jisim atmosfera, manakala lapisan di atas troposfera dipanggil stratosfera, kemudian diikuti dengan ozonosfera di mana penyerapan sinaran ultra ungu berlaku, kemudian diikuti dengan mesosfera, dan termosfera yang terdiri dari sebahagian gas ionyang dipanggil ionosfera. Bahagian yang paling luar dipanggil eksosfera yang merentang sejauh 480 km sejauh 960 km.

Jika kita perhatikan bilangan lapisan yang tersebut, kita akan mendapati atmosfera sebenarnya mempunyai 7 lapisan persis seperti yang disebutkan dalam Al-Qur’an.

Keajaiban yang penting sekali yang disebut dalam ayat ini ‘Dia mewahyukan pada tiap-tiap langit urusannya’ di dalam surah Fusilat ayat ke 12. Di dalam perkataan lain, Tuhan telah menyatakan bahawa Dia telah menetapkan setiap tingkat langit itu dengan tugas dan fungsi tertentu. Kebenaran ini telah dilihat di bahagian pertama tadi, setiap lapisan mempunyai peranan penting untuk kebaikan hidupan semua manusia dan hidupan di muka bumi ini. Setiap lapisan mempunyai fungsi yang khusus, bermula dari fungsi pembentukan hujan sehingga kepada perlindungan daripada ancaman radiasi berbahaya, dan dari memancarkan gelombang radio sehingga menghalang ancaman meteor yang memusnahkan.

Salah satu dari pelbagai fungsi ini, sebagai contoh, telah dinyatakan dalam sebuah sumber saintifik sebagai berikut;

Atmosfera bumi mempunyai 7 lapisan. Lapisan yang paling rendah dipanggil troposfera. Hujan, salji dan angin hanya terjadi di troposfera.

Ini adalah satu penemuan fenomena yang menakjubkan, yang tidak dapat diperolehi tanpa kemajuan teknologi abad ke 20 sebagaimana yang telah nyata disebut dalam Al-Qur’an 1400 tahun dahulu.

sumber: http://www.harunyahya.com/malaysian/keajaiban01.php

10 Nasihat Untuk Memahami Al-Quran

February 4, 2008 at 1:27 pm | Posted in AL-QURAN | Leave a comment

PESANAN PENAJA : BANTULAH SAHABAT YANG DITINDAS DI SELURUH DUNIA ISLAM, JANGAN HANYA MENUNGGU MUKJIZAT


Ketika malam bertukar menjadi pagi,
kucoretkan tulisan ini sebagai nasihat bagi yang sudi,
untuk dipraktikkan bukan sekadar teori,
agar Al Quran dibaca lalu difahami,

Berikut adalah beberapa panduan untuk sesiapa sahaja yang ingin memahami Al Quran, terutama mereka yang tidak memahami sebahagian besar ayat Al Quran hanya kerana ayat-ayat itu adalah di dalam Bahasa Arab. Perkara sebegini bukan halangan untuk anda memahami Al Quran. Malah ramai yang menguasai Bahasa Arab tetapi masih lagi tidak cuba memahami Al Quran. Semoga Allah SWT memberikan hidayah untuk saya dan anda semua.

1- Membeli sebuah Al Quran berserta terjemahan. Mungkin terdapat perbezaan pendapat di kalangan kita tentang terjemahan Al Quran yang paling baik. Saya secara peribadinya mencadangkan agar pembaca membeli terjemahan Al Quran yang dicetak oleh Kerajaan Arab Saudi di dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan juga Tafsir Pimpinan al Rahman yang dicetak oleh Jabatan Perdana Menteri Malaysia.
2- Peruntukkan waktu secara tetap sama ada harian atau mingguan untuk membaca beberapa ayat Al Quran berserta terjemahan. Tidak perlu terlalu bersemangat kerana selalunya semangat yang berlebihan tidak akan bertahan lama. Jika anda sekadar ingin membaca ayat Al Quran tanpa terjemahan, sememangnya digalakkan setiap hari dalam keadaan yang sederhana. Namun untuk membacanya berserta terjemahan, perlulah diberikan peruntukan waktu untuk ‘menghadamkan’ terjemahan dan maksud ayat-ayat yang telah dibaca. Mungkin pembaca boleh memperuntukkan masa untuk ayat-ayat daripada juzuk 30 kerana ia ayat-ayat yang sering kita baca dan hafal. Sebagai contoh, mulakan dengan surah al Ikhlas yang mengandungi 4 ayat dan diberi tempoh selama 3 hari untuk membaca, merenung dan memahami maksudnya sebelum berpindah kepada surah al Naas pula. Begitulah seterusnya. Tidak semestinya anda mengikut susunan misalnya bermula daripada al Fatihah kemudian al Baqarah, Ali Imran dan seterusnya, atau bermuladaripada al Naas kemudian al Falaq, al Ikhlas dan seterusnya. Matlamat kita ialah cuba memahami ayat-ayat Al Quran secara keseluruhan. Mungkin minggu ini kita ingin memahami maksud beberapa ayat daripada surah Yaasin dan minggu depan pula kita ingin mengetahui maksud beberapa ayat daripada surah al Kahfi pula. Apa yang penting, setiap minggu kita akan peruntukkan sedikit masa untuk memahami beberapa ayat dan sikap ini berterusan dengan penuh istiqamah.

3- Tandakan ayat-ayat yang kurang jelas maksudnya. Sememangnya kita tidak akan dapat memahami dengan jelas setiap ayat yang dibaca. Mungkin ini disebabkan oleh keadaan atau tumpuan kita semasa membacanya. Mungkin juga disebabkan ayat terjemahan itu tidak jelas dan mungkin juga disebabkan kita baru membacanya sekali tanpa benar-benar faham. Walau apa pun sebabnya, jangan biarkan ayat itu berlalu tanpa memastikan kita benar-benar faham maksudnya. Tandakan ayat tersebut dan peruntukkan beberapa hari atau lebih untuk mengkaji maksudnya dengan lebih jelas.

4- Wujudkan panel rujukan sendiri dengan menyimpan nombor telefon beberapa orang ustaz yang dirasakan mampu menghuraikan maksud ayat-ayat yang kurang jelas maksudnya tadi. Rujuk kepada mereka untuk mendapatkan jawapan yang lebih cepat dan mudah. Lebih cepat ialah dengan menulis sms dan dihantar ke telefon bimbit seseorang ustaz, misalnya anda tulis ‘Assalaamualaikum ustaz, apa maksud ayat 23 surah Luqman? Terima kasih’. Mungkin sesetengah ustaz tidak terus membalasnya kerana ingin mengkaji terlebih dahulu. Lihat, anda telah melakukan amal soleh dengan menyebabkan seorang agamawan membuka kembali buku dan kitabnya yang telah lama berhabuk di atas rak buku, hanya kerana satu sms yang ingin tahu tentang tafsir satu ayat daripada Al Quran.

5- Boleh juga mencari maksud ayat tersebut daripada terjemahan edisi yang lain atau membeli buku tafsir Al Quran yang telah diterjemahkan. Kini terdapat banyak buku tafsir yang diterjemahkan dan yang paling baik setakat pengetahuan saya ialah terjemahan Tafsir Ibn Kathir. Buku terjemahan Al Quran juga terdapat dalam banyak versi sama ada di dalam Bahasa Melayu, Bahasa Inggeris atau Bahasa Indonesia dan lain-lain lagi. Langkah ini mungkin memerlukan kepada perbelanjaan yang lebih untuk memiliki sebanyak mungkin terjemahan Al Quran, tetapi ia tetap berbaloi kerana tujuan kita amat mulia iaitu memahami Al Quran.

6- Pengulangan bacaan tafsiran atau terjemahan ayat yang sama dapat memberikan gambaran yang lebih jelas tentang ayat. Mungkin kali pertama anda membaca terjemahannya dan tafsirannya semasa pemikiran anda tidak berfokus dan tidak tenang disebabkan pelbagai masalah. Kali kedua pula anda membacanya dalam keadaan tenang dan tiada masalah. Pasti bacaan kedua akan lebih membantu anda memahami ayat tersebut, wallahu a’lam.

7- Sebolehnya cari kaset-kaset atau cd yang mengandungi huraian Al Quran daripada ustaz-ustaz atau mana-mana pendakwah. Mungkin anda sibuk dan tak sempat nak mendengar kuliah tafsir, maka bukalah radio atau belilah cd untuk anda belajar daripada dalam kereta atau gunakan alat seperti cd walkman atau mp4 untuk mempelajari tafsir Al Quran. Takkanlah waktu di dalam kereta hanya dengan mendengar lagu atau berita di radio sahaja?

8- Lebih baik lagi jika mempunyai tempat kuliah tafsir yang dihadiri secara tetap. Ini penting untuk menjadikan kita sentiasa istiqamah dalam mempelajari tafsir. Ustaz yang mengajar juga boleh kita jadikan sebagai rujukan tetap kerana kita akan sentiasa bertemu dengan beliau setiap kali tiba waktu kuliah.

9- Layari laman web Islamik yang menawarkan perkhidmatan untuk memahami ayat-ayat Al Quran atau boleh muat turun beberapa program yang mengandungi tafsir atau terjemahan Al Quran. Internet perlu digunakan sebaik mungkin terutama bagi mereka yang boleh ‘online’ semasa berkerja. Program tafsir juga boleh dimuat turun ke dalam laptop atau ke dalam alat seperti telefon bimbit atau telefon PDA yang canggih lagi memudahkan.

10- Cuba pelajari Bahasa Arab untuk lebih mendekatkan diri kita dengan maksud ayat yang dibaca. Hendak seribu daya. Saya secara peribadi telah bertemu dengan orang-orang yang tahu berbahasa Arab dengan mempelajarinya secara sendiri dan mereka bukanlah produk sekolah agama atau universiti di negara Arab.Akhir kata, berdoalah kepada Allah SWT agar kita tergolong dalam kalangan orang-orang yang ingin mendalami ilmu Allah SWT terutamanya ingin mendalami Al Quran. Ingatlah, tiada keinginan untuk menambahkan ilmu agama adalah satu penyakit merbahaya. Kesannya pesakit ini akan terus hidup dalam keadaan jahil dan tidak bertambah ilmunya. Ingat pesan Rasulullah SAW : Sebaik-baik kamu ialah orang yang mempelajari Al Quran dan mengajarnya.(Riwayat al Bukhari, no.5027).

PESANAN PENAJA: SAMPAIKAN NASIHAT INI KEPADA YANG LAIN, JANGAN BIARKAN HIDUP ANDA DISELUBUNGI KEJAHILAN
(ini bukan artikel berantai)

oleh: ustaz adlan abdul aziz
http://alitantawi.blogspot.com/2006_08_01_archive.html

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